International Space Development Conference 1985

The L5 4th annual Space Development Conference was held in Washington, D.C. on April 25-28,1985. The following is an extract of the official show program.

The Shoreham Hotel, Washington, D.C.

Thursday, April 25 (Rayburn House Office Bldg.)

6:00 p.m. – Congressional Reception
Held to honor the Congressional Space Caucus. Corporate cosponsors of the reception include: McDonnell Douglas Corp.; Fairchild Industries; and Rockwell International, North American Space Operations.

Friday, April 26 (Room E)

6:30 p.m. – Welcoming Remarks: The National Commission on Space: A Challenge for the Space Movement.
Speaker: David Webb, Member, National Commission on Space

8:00 p.m. – The Space Station, the Federal Budget, and Congressional Politics
The Space Station program will be shaped by annual Capitol Hill funding battles, any one of which could end the program or transform it into something very different.
A panel of Congressional staff members representing diverse views has been assembled to discuss this issue.
Speakers: Geoff Holdridge, University of Maryland (Moderator); Darrell Branscome and Joyce Freiweld, House Committee on Science and Technology; Marty Kress, Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation; Richard Mallow, House Committee on Appropriations; and PhiIlip Chandler, Office of Technology Assessment.
The Congressional staff participants will make brief presentations outlining their perspective on the prospects for sustained Congressional approval of the Reagan Administration Space Station program. The emphasis of the discussion will be on identifying what is possible on Capitol Hill, given the likely political atmosphere and budgetary situation.

9:30 p.m.-Midnight – Birthday Party (Room B)

Saturday, April 27

Dr. Gerard K. O’Neill, President, Space Studies Institute; Professor of Physics, Princeton University President and Chief Executive Officer, Geostar Corp., Author: The High Frontier (1977), 2081 (1981), and Technology Edge (1983). Originator and foremost proponent of the modern concept of space colonization.

10:00 a.m. – WHICH SPACE STATION (Room D)
The space station has been envisioned as a platform for experiments in astronomy, physics, and other sciences; as a center for development and production of alloys, semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, and other materials; as a logistics base for construction of large orbital (or other) structures; and as a command post or staging area for various military operations. Space station planners today must attempt to anticipate requirements in each of these fields into the next century in order to meet as many of the identifiable needs as possible in a single design.
Speakers: Gordon Woodcock, 1-5 Society (Moderator); Theodore Simpson, IEEE Aerospace R&D Committee; Lee Tilton, NASA Space Station Office; Dr. John McElroy, NOAA/NESDIS; and Stanley Schneider, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

10:00 a.m. – SPACE AND U.S. POLITICS (Room F)
What will the opening of space mean for America’s political future? This discussion of how space will affect major domestic and foreign political issues will consider: growth, poverty, and the welfare state; resources, limits, and freedom; civil liberties and traditional values; regional instability and terrorism and the survival of democratic nationalism
Speakers: James Muncy, Consultant, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy; Danial Deudney, Princeton University; Milton Copulos, Heritage Foundation, and Nathan Goldman, University of Texas.

NOON – LUNCHEON (Workshop) (Room B)
This workshop will show you how you can make the political process work for space. It will cover four topics:
* How To Get Your People Elected. Robert Weed, Executive Director American Space Foundation.
* How To Talk to Public Officials. Senior Congressional Staffer TBA.
* How Reach Beyond The Space Movement: Building A Broader Base. Jim Muncy, Consultant, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.
* Working Together. Ken Swezey, Spacepac.
Moderator: Sandy Adamson, Secretary, L -S Society.

1:30 p.m. – SPACE RESOURCES (Room D)
An examination of current thinking in space resource development, including: identification of markets, based on the short and long-term uses of what we can reasonably hope to find; expectations and techniques for prospecting on the Moon and among the asteroids, automated resource exploitation, its promise and difficulties, and methods for “actually mining the stuff”.
Speakers:  Randal Barnes, Professor of Mining Engineering, Colorado School of Mines; Richard E. Gertsch , Research Mining Engineer , Color afl School of Mines; Andrew Cutler, Research Chemical Engineer , California Space Institute; Michael ßaffey, Professor of Geology, Rensselear Polytechnic Institute.

1:30 p.m. – INTERNATIONAL SPACE (Room F)
Joint U.S. -Soviet space ventures have been proposed as an alternative to the introduction of weapons into orbit. Is it justifiable for a free society to join with totalitarian governments in opening this new frontier, when to do so may only extend the reach of authoritarian rule? Long-term consequences of cooperating, or of choosing not to cooperate, for the human future in space will be discussed.
Speakers: Charles Sheffield, Vice President, Earth Satellite Corp (Moderator); Rep. George Brown, U.S. Congress, D-Cal., Rep. Bob Dornan, U.S Congress, R-Cal.; James Muncy, Consultant, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy; David Webb, Member, National Commission on Space.

3:30 p.m. – SPACE-BASED INDUSTRY (Room D)
Humanity’s “breakout into space” will not only be self-supporting, but has the potential to produce astronomical wealth. Space solar power stations, the use of non-terrestrial materials, and space processing, along with fabrication and construction, together become the space manufacturing industries that initially drive the human venture Into space. A workable scenario will be presented, along with a look at the laboratory hardware and serious research intended to make it happen in this century.
Speakers: Oregg Maryniak, Executive Vice President, Space StudiesInstitute; Morris Hornik, Washington DC Coordinator, Space StudiesInstitute.

3:30 p.m. – SPACE-AOE EDUCATION (Room F)
Widespread student interest in space gained focus with the formation of two educational space organizations: The Young Astronaut Council and Students for the Exploration and Development of Space. Geared toward elementary and junior high schools, the YAC is a chapter-based youth organization started in 1984 as a national private-sector initiative of the White House, with support from “corporate America”. College and high school students were self-motivated enough to have created SEDS in 1980. a national on-campus chapter-based organization. The history and goals of these mutually cooperative groups may provide insight into the nurturing of the next generation of space enthusiasts.
Speakers:  T. Wendell Butler, Executive Director, YAC; Todd B. Hawley, National Chair , SEDS.

Admission is free…there will be a cash bar…and you will have the opportunity to visit with old friends and make new ones. The Conference Banquet will immediately follow this reception.

7:00 p.m. – CONFERENCE BANQUET (Room A)
Banquet Toastmaster – Ben Bova
Author of more than 65 books, Ben Bova is President of the National Space Institute and a frequent commentator on the CBS Morning News. He was previously editor of Omni and Analog magazines.
Banquet Keynoter – Senator Harrison H. Schmitt
Lunar Module Pilot and Scientist for Apollo 17. former Senator from New Mexico, geologist pilot, administrator, educator, speaker and writer. Schmitt brings a unique breadth of experience to the formulation of complex public/business policy issues.

Following the banquet on Saturday, an ONLINE TOWN MEETING featuring Arthur C. Clarke (live from Sri Lanka), Gerard K. O’Neill, Charles Sheffield, and other well-known guests. will expand the Space Development Conference to incorporate space development professionals and enthusiasts throughout North America via the CompuServe computer network’s 15,000 member Space Special Interest Group (SpaceSlG).
You can get in on the ONLINE TOWN MEETING at our multiple-screen terminal in the Shoreham (location to be announced) and learn to use computer network communications, which may’ become the primary forum for participatory democracy in space and already provides efficient private mail and rapid access to a broad upscale grassroots support audience on Earth. Your fr tends and colleagues who won’t be in Washington can participate in and contribute to the Space Development Conference through the ONLINE TOWN MEETING

Sunday April 28

The first public presentation of a proposed asteroid mining scenario which may dramatically reduce the propulsion needs and technical complexity required for asteroidal resource use. Poses the question: is this scenario good enough to meet the essential criterion of any high-risk venture? That is, does it offer a reasonable chance to make a tenfold profit after 8 years of operation?
Speaker: Carolyn Meinel, Analytic Decisions Inc.

10:30 a.m. – SPACE BIOMEDICINE (Room D)
Over a century ago, Charles Darwin pointed out the importance of gravity in the development, functions and evolution of life. Today, facing an environment virtually free of gravity, space biomedicine has four goals: insuring the safety and health of humans in space, exploiting that unique environment to medically benefit humans on Earth, investigating the physiological and psychological challenges to long- term space habitation, and researching the origin and nature of life itself.
Speakers: Arnauld Nicogossian, Operational Medicine, NASA, T, Stephen Cheston, Trustee, Space Studies Institute; Byron K. Lichtenberg, Astronaut, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and Charles Walker, Astronaut, McDonnell Douglas Corp.

10:00 a.m. – COMMUNITIES IN SPACE (Room E)
The “humanization” of space will require us to address several questions. How will we make the transition from scientific bases, mines, and industrial plants to real communities with a full range of family life? What are the prerequisites for this What problems will we encounter? How can we ease and accelerate the transition?
Speakers: Brian O’Leary, Science Applications Int’l. Corp. Eric M Jones, Los Alamos National Lab.; Jay Shurley, Psychiatrist; B.U. Bluth, NASA; Joanne Oabrynowicz, Attorney; Anne Campbell, University of Florida.

Luncheon Speaker – Dr. George E. Mueller
Dr. Mueller recently retired as Chairman of the Board and President System Development Corp. Previously, he had been Vice President at the General Dynamics Corp. From 1963 to 970, he was responsible for and directed the United States manned space flight program from the early Gemini flight operations through the second Apollo moon landing.

1:30 p.m. – SPACE AS A BUSINESS (Room D)
It is time to begin discussing the design, financing, manufacturing, assembling and operation of large-scale projects in outer space as a new business for the 21st century, if not before. The discussion must include the role of business in these projects and possible government authorization, supervision, and regulation of commercial space activities.
5peakers: W. R. Wendel, President, Space Structures Int’l.; Charles Chafer. Vice-President, Space Services Inc. of America, Martin Rothblatt, Vice-President, Geostar Corp.

1:30 p.m. – THE SPACE TOURIST (Room E)
The day of passenger space travel is fast approaching, first to low Earth orbit and then to circulunar distances. How space tourism will evolve will be detailed, in particular, the conversion of a Space Shuttle orbiter to hold a passenger module. What’s it like to live and work in space; tourist travel into Earth orbit; weekend stays in a globe-circling vacation spa, and eventual trans-lunar excursions will be discussed.
Speakers: Leonard David, National Space Institute (Moderator); Charles Walker, Astronaut, McDonnell Douglas Corp.; Robert Citron, Society Expeditions, Inc., and Thomas Rogers, space consultant.

3:00 p.m. – “PURE” SPACE SCIENCES (Room D)
The current state of space-based astronomy will be surveyed, as will plans for instruments ranging across the electromagnetic spectrum; the impact of large-scale space development on astronomical research will be discussed. The strategy of the NASA Solar System Exploration Committee for a sustained exploratory program will be related to the inventorying of non-terrestrial resources, and to the timetable for pre-cursor missions that enable human exploration of the planetary system.
Speakers: William Quaide, Chief Scientist, Headquarters Planetary Sciences Branch, NASA, David Gilman, Advanced Programs and Technology, Headquarters Astrophysics Div., NASA.

Does our survival as a species, or at least our social evolution, require that we be able to leave this planet? Is the desire to voyage through and migrate into space within our cultural traditions? The literature and art that attempt to deal with these matters are usually called science fiction, when they could be referred to as space fiction. Do these works respond to or generate our feelings about space? And why is the wish to move off-planet so strong in some. yet unknown in so many?
Speakers: C. J. Cherryh, Award-Winning Space Fiction Author, Kelly Freas, Award-Winning Space Fiction Artist; Morris Hornik, Washington DC Coordinator , Space Studies Institute.


Fri., April 26
800-8:30 p.m.
The Waverider Programme: A New Entry Vehicle
Leader: Duncan Lunan, Association in Scotland to research into Astronautics
8:30-9:00 p.m.
Higher Technologies: The Real Road to Space
Leader: K. Eric Drexler, L -5 Society
9:00 -9:30 pm
Amateur Radio in Space
Leader: Dick Daniels, Radio Amateur Satellite Corp.

Sat., April 27
10:00-11 a.m.
Marketing the Space Movement
Leader: Greg Barr, L-S Society
Space and the Environment
Leader: Robert Watson, NASA Headquarters
1:30-2:30 p.m.
L -5 meet the Officers
Leader: Arthur Kantrowitz, L -5 Society
2 30-3.30 p.m.
Space Education Activities
Leader: Kathy L. Ahlers, L -S Space Futures
3:30 -4:30 p.m.
Education Project
L-S/NSI Merger: Chapter Issues
Leader: Gordon Woodcock , L -S Society
4:30 -5:30 p.m.
L-S Chapters’ Forum
Leader: Terry Savage, L -5 Society

Sun., April 28
10:00-10:30 a.m.
Dissemination of NASA Grants
Leader: Helen Manos, American Technological League of Aerospace Sciences
Soviet Space Program
Leader: Saunders Kramer, A.A.S.
Presenter: Major Peter Konowicz, D.I.A.
1:30-2:30 p.m.
Space Week
Leader: Charles Devine, L -S Society
2:30-3:30 p.m.
The Space Station in Congress
Leader: Mark Hopkins, L-S Society
3:30-4:30 p.m.
Cooperative SDI: Living with a Dynamic, Dangerous. Unpredictable Technology
Leader: Arthur Kantrowitz, Dartmouth College


In creating the logo for the Fourth Annual Space Development Conference, we had certain translations done so that we could honor some prominent spacefaring nations.
It has since come to our attention that there are errors and inconsistencies in some of these translations. We apologize for these errors…and listed below are some improved versions. If you can suggest any further improvements, please let. us know.

Chairmen: Charles Sheffield; Gary Oleson
Treasurer: Ron LaRocca
Communications: Melanie Desmond
Program: Ray Hoover
Main Tracks/0pening Ceremonies: Morris Hornik
Discussion Track: Ray Hoover
Saturday Workshop: Sandy Adamson
Welcoming Remarks/Closing Ceremonies: Dale Amon
Sunday Luncheon: Char les Sheffield;Technical Support: Eric Dahlstrom; Gregg Linebauqh: Steve Aines
Video/NASA Exhibits: Gary Barnhard
Banquet Program: Dale Amon; Jim Myers
CompuServ Town Meeting: John Krout; Todd Hawley
Birthday Party: Tim Kyger
Member and Guest Services: Peggy Rae Pavlat; Fred Isaacs; Carolyn Sayre
Registration: Chris Dullnig; Pat Brown; Anna Marie Hanes; Chuck Fullerton
Public & Press Relations: Keith Morton; Pat Curren; Jessica Lumen; Donna Gorman; Ed Hume; Donna Knecht
Information: David Hastie; Bill Jensen; Martin Manley
Guest Relations: Theresa Renner; Jim Roth; Wendy Lindboe
Speaker’s Lounge: Nathalie Frensley; Jessica Lupien; Steve Wolfe
Kid’s Activities/babysitting: Mike Mansfield; Chris Mansfield; Marcia Edwards; Eric Pavlat
Tours: Mike Miller; Melanie Desmond
Capitol Hill Visits: Adrain Reilly; Steve Wolfe; Jim George
Administration: Jim Myers; Gary Paiste; Adrian Reilly
Legal: Jim Myers
Publications/Direct Mail: Adrain Reilly
Food Functions: Jim Myers
–  Congressional Reception: Steve Wolfe
– Birthday Party: Robin Benfer
– Saturday Luncheon/Banquet: Robin Benfer
– Saturday Reception: Adrian Reilly
– Sunday Luncheon: Robin Benfer
Hospitality Suite/Exhibit Liaison: Frank Hecker; Wendy Smith; Ed Schaefer; Mark Jensen; Bennett Rutledge; Don Ring
Hotel Liaison: Jim Myers; Dana Johansen
Headquarters Operations: Alan Huff; Gary Paiste; Adrain Reilly; Michael Byron
Outreach Committee: Keith Morton; Robert Weed; Donna Knecht; Frank Hecker; Todd Hawley; Jessica Lupien; Leonard David
Co-sponsor Liaison:
* NSI: Leonard David
* SEDS: Hawley
* AAS: Caroline Brown
* ASF. Robert Weed
* Spacepac: Adrian Reilly

Westin Hotel, Seattle, Washington, May 23-26 , 1986
“Century 21 in Space”
* Astronaut Reunion
* Space Exhibits
* Film Festival
* Beer (Wine Reception
* Seattle Folk Life Festival
* Space Needle
* Monorail Rides
* Boeing/Microsoft Tours
* Art Show
* Mt. Rainier Trips
* Solar System Tour of Washington State
* Day Care Facilities and Activities for Children

May 23
Fri. Eve.: Beer/Wine Art Reception; Seattle Aquarium
May 24
9:00: Space Station Report; International Space Report
Lunch:  Micro- Banquets
2:30: Commercial Space Transportation; Uranus/Halley/Galileo Starship & Canoe
Eve.: Folk Life Festival
May 25
Sun. a.m.: Breakfast Banquet (Sea Kayaking?)
10:00: Return to the Moon; Space Commercialization Status Check
Lunch: Speaker on Visions/Reflections
1:30: Microgravity Science Processing; Human Factors/Al
Dinner: This banquet is 2S years to the commemorating John Kennedy’s “let’s go to the moon within a speech.
May 26
Mon. a.m.: Breakfast Meeting with L-5 Board
10:00: Mars vs Asteroid Debate; Military in Space Debate
Noon: CLOSING SESSION – Lunar Settlement Workshop