Table of Contents


  1. O'Neill, G. K: The Colonization of Space, Physics Today, vol. 27, no. 9, Sept. 1974, pp. 32-40.
  2. von Braun, W.: Crossing the Last Frontier, Colliers, vol. 29, March 22, 1952, pp. 24-29.
  3. Clarke, Arthur C.: Rendezvous with Rama, Ballantine Books, New York, 1974.
  4. Clarke, Arthur C.: 2001: A Space Odyssey, and especially the movie "2001: A Space Odyssey," directed and produced by Stanley Kubrick. Script by Stanley Kubrick and Arthur C. Clarke. Photography: Geoffrey Unsworth. MGM, 1968. See also "Space Station V" in the review of "2001" in Life Magazine, vol. 64, April, 5, 1968, pp. 24-33.
  5. Timoshenko, S., and Woinowsky-Kreiger, S.: Theory of Plates and Shells, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York,1959.
  6. Flugge, W.: Stresses in Shells, 2nd ed., SpringerVerlag, New York,1973.
  7. Adapted from Dole, S. H.: Design Criteria for Rotating Space Vehicles, The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, Oct. 1960, RM-2668.
  8. Gray, H.: Rotating Vivarium Concept for Earth-like Habitation in Space, Aerospace Medicine, vol. 42, Aug. 1971, p. 899; U.S. Patent 3,749,332 - July 31, 1973.
  9. Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin E.: Issledovanie mirovykh prostranstv reaktivuymi priboram, (The Probing of Space by Reaction Devices), Nauchnoe Obozrenie (St. Petersburg), no. 5, 1903; and Vne Zemli (Beyond the Earth), Kaluga, 1920 also available as Beyond the Planet Earth, transl. by Kenneth Syers. Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1960.
  10. Levy, Richard H.: Radiation Shielding of Space Vehicles by Means of Superconducting Coils, Avco-Everett Research Laboratory, Everett, Mass., Research Report 106, Research Note 224, April 1961. Contract No. AF 04(647)-278.
  11. Levy, R. H. and French, F. N.: The Plasma Radiation Shield: Concept and Applications to Space Vehicles, Avco-Everett Research Laboratory, Everett, Mass., Research Report 258, NASA CR-61176, 1967.
  12. Bernal, J. D.: The World, the Flesh, and the Devil, Methuen & Co., Ltd., London,1929.
  13. Carreiro, J., and Mensch, S., Editors: Building Blocks: Design Potentials and Constraints, Center for Urban Development Research, Cornell University, N.Y., 1971.
  14. U. S. Bureau of the Census: Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1974 (95th ed.), Washington, D.C.,1974.
  15. Henson, H. K., and Henson, C. M.: Closed Ecosystems of High Agricultural Yield, Princeton University Conference Meeting, no. 127, on Space Manufacturing Facilities, Princeton, N.J., May 1975.
  16. Shelef, G., Oswald, W.J., and Golueke, C. G.: Study of Combined Photosynthetic Waste Reclamation Reactor for Closed Life Support, SERL-University of California, Berkeley, Calif., 1968. Final Report to AFSC.
  17. La Petra, J. W., and Wilson, R. E., Editors: Moonlab. A Study by the Stanford/Ames Summer Faculty Workshop in Engineering Systems Design, June 24-Sept. 6, 1968, p. 123.
  18. Cooke, G. D., Beyers, R. J., and Odum, E. P.: The Case for the Multispecies Ecological System with Special Reference to Succession and Stability. In Bioregenerative Systems. Conference held in Washington, D. C., Nov. 15-16, 1966, NASA SP-165, 1968, pp. 129-139.
  19. Ditley, R. A.: Photosynthesis. In Topics in the Study of Life, the B.I.O. Source Book, Harper & Row, New York,1971.
  20. Metcalf & Eddy, Inc. Wastewater Engineering - Collection, Treatment, and Disposal, McGraw-Hill, New York,1972.
  21. Drake, G. L., King, C. D., Johnson, W. A., and Zuraw, E. A.: Study of Life-Support Systems for Space Missions Exceeding One Year in Duration, The Closed Life-Support System, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, April 14-15, 1966. NASA SP-134, 1967, pp. 1-74.
  22. Jagow, R. B.: Development of Spacecraft Wet Oxidation Waste Processing System, Environmental Control & Life Support Systems Conference, San Francisco, CA, Aug. 14-16, 1972, ASME Paper 72, ENAU-3.
  23. Papma, D. C.: Atmospheric-Control Systems for Extended-Duration Manned Space Flight, Biotechnology, a conference held at Langley Research Center and Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Va., Aug. 14-18, 1967. NASA SP-205, 1971, pp. 77-88.
  24. Byrd, N. R.: Space Cabin Atmosphere Contamination Detection Techniques, McDonnell-Douglas Corp., Newport Beach, Calif., NASA CR-86047, 1968.
  25. Glaser, Peter E.: Power from the Sun, Its Future, Science, vol. 162, no.3856, Nov. 22, 1968, pp. 857-861.
  26. Woodcock, G. R.: On the Economics of Space Utilization, presented at the XXIIIrd International Astronautical Congress, Vienna, Austria, Oct. 1972.
  27. Kamel, A. A.: Perturbation Theory Based on Life Transforms and Its Application to the Stability of Motion Near Sun-perturbed Earth-Moon Triangular Libration Points, SUDAAR-391, NASA Contractor Report CR-1622, Aug.1970.
  28. Breakwell, J. V., Kamel, A. A., and Ratner, M. J.: Station-keeping for a Translunar Communication Station, Celestial Mechanics 10, Nov. 1974, pp. 357-373.
  29. Shand, E. B.: Glass Engineering Handbook, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 1958, p. 5.
  30. Maloney, F. J. Terence, Glass in the Modern World, Doubleday and Co., Garden City, N.Y. (1968), p. 45.
  31. Levy, R., and French, F.: The Plasma Radiation Shield: Concept, and App]ications to Space Vehicles, Avco-Everett Research Report 258, Everett, Mass., 1967.
  32. Bunshah, R. F., Structure/Property Relationships in Evaporated Thick Films and Bulk Coatings, J. Vac. Sci. Tech., vol. 11, no. 4, July/Aug. 1974, pp. 633-638.
  33. Agarwal, N., and Bushah, R. F., Structure and Property Relationships of Ni-20Cr Produced by High-Rate Physical Vapor Deposition, J. Vac. Sci. Tech., vol. 12, no. 2, March/April 1975, pp. 619-623.
  34. Glaser, P., et al.: Feasibility Study of a Satellite Solar Power Station, NASA CR-2357,1974.
  35. Woodcock, G., and Gregory, D. L.: Derivation of a Total Satellite Power System, Boeing Aerospace Co., AIAA Paper 75-640. Economic Analyses of Solar Energy Utilization, 9th IECEC, Boeing Aerospace Co.
  36. Brown, W. C.: Satellite Power Stations: A New Source of Energy?, IEEE Spectrum, March 1973.
  37. Nathan, Al: Space-Based Solar Power Conversion and Delivery Systems (Study) Engineering Analysis, NASA 8-31308, GAC No. NSS-P-252007, Grumman Aircraft Corp., Bethpage, N.Y., Aug. 6, 1975.
  38. Rose, H. J., Jr. et al.: Compositional Data for Twenty-two Apollo 16 Samples, Proceedings of the Fourth Lunar Science Conference, Houston, Texas, March 8, 1973, New York, Pergamon Press, 1973,vol. 2, pp. 1149-1158.
  39. Apollo 17 Preliminary Science Report, NASA SP-330 (1973), pp. 7-18,7-22, 7-23.
  40. Shand, E. B.: Glass Engineering Handbook, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 1958.
  41. Shand, op. cit., p. 83.
  42. Maloney, F. J. Terence: Glass in the Modern World, Doubleday and Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1968, p. 45.
  43. Shand, op. cit., p. 25.
  44. Maloney, op. cit., pp. 87-90.
  45. Whitten, R. C., Borucki, W. J., Peppoff, I. G., and Turco, R. P.: Preliminary Assessment of the Potential Impact of Solid-Fueled Rocket Engines in the Stratosphere, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 32, no. 3, March 1975, pp. 613 619.
  46. Whitten, R. C., and Turco, R. P.: Perturbations of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere by Aerospace Vehicles, AIAA Journal, vol. 12, no. 8, August 1974, pp. 1110-1117.

1.Synthetic Carbohydrates, Summer Study Report, NASA-Ames Research Center.
2. NASA general woring paper MSC-01-542 A Preliminary Structural Analysis of Space-Base Living Quarters Modules to Verify a Weight Estimating Technique, P.45
3. Information about commercial aluminum ventures is extremely tentative and difficult to obtain because of proprietary interests.
4. Blumer, J., Libby-Owens-Ford Company, Toledo, Ohio, personal communications, Aug. 1975.

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